Introduction 1080 does not prevent police officers from using stop-and-frisk. Police profiling based on race and other categories is already unlawful, based on a 2004 bill signed by Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg. Yet under both current law and Introduction 1080, police officers can include race, gender, age and other relevant information when pursuing criminal suspects.
While Introduction 1080 does not eliminate or alter stop-and-frisk, it does address bias-based profiling. This has become an epidemic over the past decade, all because of Mayor Bloomberg’s insistence that officers conduct an increasing number of quota-driven stops.
Every day I hear unsettling stories of local residents, law-abiding taxpayers, being stopped on the street in their own neighborhoods for no apparent reason. Stops increased by a jarring 700 percent from 2002 to 2011 without a corresponding drop in gun violence. Introduction 1080 will not prevent police officers from stopping people, but it does reiterate that officers must have a law enforcement basis for a stop.
It has been suggested that Introduction 1080 opens the door to frivolous lawsuits, but when other states enacted similar laws, the numbers of lawsuits did not significantly increase. Additionally, plaintiffs in New York City cannot seek monetary damages under the bill, nor can they sue individual officers.
Instead, if policies are discriminatory or ineffective, individuals can sue to have those policies changed. By prompting the abandonment of wasteful practices, Introduction 1080 will actually save the city millions of dollars.
Finally, Introduction 1079 simply allows the New York City Department of Investigation to have oversight of the New York City Police Department (NYPD). Almost all city agencies have Inspectors General, as do federal departments like the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigations. Those agencies are not held back by Inspectors General, and the NYPD will not be either.
I have enormous respect for the work of the NYPD, and I would never vote for a law that would put New Yorkers in harm’s way or allow crime levels to increase. On the contrary, I supported these bills because I believe they will make our city safer for all residents.
Mark S. Weprin represents the 23rd District in the City Council.